Module I 14 Hrs
Biological Cell – Cell Structure – Transport of ions through cell membrane – Bio
potential – Resting and Action potential
Components of the Biomedical Instrument system – Electrodes– Polarization – Surface
electrodes – Needle Electrodes – Micro Electrodes – Skin Electrode equivalent circuits –
Transducers in Bio Medical instrument System– Bio amplifiers – Characteristics and
Module II 13 Hrs
Electro Cardiography – ECG lead configurations – Electro Encephalography (EEG) –
Electro Myography (EMG) – Phono Cardiography (PCG) – Electro Retinography (ERG) –
Electro Occulography (EOG)
Module III 11 Hrs
Measurement of Blood Pressure – Direct and Indirect methods – Blood pumps – Haemo
dialysis – Measurement of Heart rate – Measurement of Blood flow – Cardiac Output –
Measurement of Respiration and Gas flow – Diathermy – Ventilators – Oxy meters.
Module IV 14 Hrs
Angiography – Cardiac Pacemaker – Defibrillator – Muscle Simulator – X ray machine
Radiation safety Instrumentation – Electrical Shock – Micro and Macro shock – Electrical
Accidents in Hospitals – Protection from Electrical Hazards – Advances in Biomedical

Text Books

  1. Khandpur R. S., Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation, Tata McGraw Hill, 1996
  2. John G. Webster, Medical Instrumentation-Application and Design, John Wiley and sons
  3. Cromwell L., Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurements, Prentice Hall of India,1995
    Reference Books
  4. Geddes and Baker, Principle of applied bio-medical instrumentation, John Wiley
    and sons.
  5. Wiley, Encyclopedia of Medical Devices
  6. Bronzino, Hanbook of Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Press book.