Module I 12 Hrs
Force and weight measurement – comparison with known weights – measuring deflection of a body – measuring electric current – Force measurement using scales, springs and strain
gauges –load cells different types – effect of temperature variations – electronic weighing system – types of torque measurement Strain gauges – types – resistive strain gauges – rosette gauges – bonded and unbonded strain gauges – sensing element materials – protective coating – coating materials
Module II 13 Hrs
Measurement of level – definition of level – visual indicators – float actuators – electrical resistance and static pressure types – principle of operation – construction and characteristics – field of open and closed tanks – level switches – linearization techniques for level sensors – signal conditioning of electrical and pneumatic type boiler drum level control –fluid level sensors – ultra sonic and capacitor type level measurement – solid level measurement
Module III 15 Hrs
Measurements of flow- mechanical flow meters – displacement type-reciprocating piston – rotating piston – helix and oval gear meters – differential type (rotating vane propeller type with counters) – combination meters – principle of operation – construction – installation of mechanical meters – calibration setup of water meters – gas meters (volumetric type and rate flow meters) – hot wire anemometer – differential pressure meters – orifice plates – venture tube – dall tube – flow nozzles – laminar flow – turbulent flow – pitot tube – installation procedures – manometers – flow registering instruments wet and dry type. Electromagnetic flow meters – ultrasonic flow meters – target meters – turbine flow meters – vortex shedding flow meters – coriolisis force type flow meters – cross correlation techniques for flow measurement – flow measurement using heat transfer measurement of flow of dry solid materials.
Module IV 12 Hrs
Mass and volume measurement – impeller type – weight belt type – turbine type – propeller type – area measurement using plani meter – mechanical tachometer – electric tachometer – contact less tachometer – frequency type tachometer – stroboscopic type tachometer – Vibration measurement – common causes – measurement quantities – methods of vibration measurement
Reference Books
1. Doeblin E.O, ‘Measurement Systems’: Application and Design, Fourth Edition, McGraw Hill, Newyork, 1992 ISBN 0-07-100697-4.
2. Jain R.K.”Mechanical and Industrial Measurements,Khanna Publishers
3. Patranabis, D., ‘Principles of Industrial Instrumentation’, Second Edition Tata McGraw
Hill Publishing Co. Ltd.. New Delhi 1997, ISBN 0074623346
4. Liptak B. ‘Process Measurement and Analysis’, 3rd Edition Chilton book company
Radnor, pennsylvania, 1995 ISBN 0-7506-2255