Module I (14 hours)
Retaining walls – types, earth pressure diagrams, modes of failure, design of cantilever and counterfort retaining walls (‘L’ not included).
Module II (14 hours)
Water tanks – types, design of ground supported and overhead water tanks –rectangular and circular with flat bottom, flexible and rigid joints, design of staging – columns and bracings.
Module III (12 hours)
Road bridges – Class A and Class AA loading, Design of slab bridges, T-beam and slab bridges, Box culvert, Bearings.
Module IV (12 hours)
Steel chimneys – IS Specifications – Design of self supporting chimneys. Light gauge steel structures – Design of tension members, compression members and beams.

Reference Books
1. Relevant IS Codes
2. S.N.Sinha – Rienforced Concrete Design
3. Krishnaraju N – Advanced Design of Concrete Structures, Oxford & IBH Publishing Company, NewDelhi
4. Pillai & Devdas – Reinforced Concrete Design, Tata McGrawHill
5. V.Johnson – Essentials of Bridge Engineering
6. B.C.Punmia – Design of Concrete Structures, Laxmi Publications
7. N. Subramanian – Design of Steel Structures, Oxford University Press
8. Ramchandra – Design of Steel Structures, Standard Book House, Delhi.
9. B.C.Punmia – Design of Steel Structures, Laxmi Publications
10. Raghupathy – Design of Steel Structures
11. Pandit and Gupta – Prestressed Concrete, CBS Publishers